Seven trials with between 147 and 5145 subjects were included in the analysis. All interventions improved cardiovascular risk factors at 1 year follow-up. The interventions, which were projected to reduce cardiovascular complications over a lifetime, included losing weight, decreasing systolic blood pressure and glycosylated hemoglobin, smoking cessation, physical activity, and increasing consumption of fruit and vegetables.
Life expectancy was increased with each intervention by 0.02 to 0.34 years, and discounted quality adjusted life years (QALYs) were increased by 0.1 to 0.14 per participant.
Some population studies already associated physical activity with a reduced risk of cancer, but the specific quantity and intensity of physical activity needed to reduce premature overall mortality is based on a few prospective population-based studies.
According to study findings published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, Men who exercise hard are less likely to die from cancer.
Findings from the Diabetes Prevention Program suggest that progression from impaired glucose tolerance to diabetes is associated with a deterioration in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. The findings state that individuals who developed diabetes trended toward higher blood pressure and triglycerides and lower HDL cholesterol than those who remained in a pre-diabetic state. But most importantly a report in the April issue of Diabetes Care shows that improvement in glucose tolerance, particularly with intensive lifestyle interventions, is associated with a more favorable CVD risk profile.
Apparently shoppers who used traffic light labeling were five times more likely to be able to identify healthier food products, compared to shoppers who saw the percentage daily intake system.Shoppers were also able to compare different food products and make judgments about them at a glance with traffic light labeling.
Sleep deprivation can lead to weight gain or limit the beneficial effects of a reduced calorie diet on total body adiposity. Reduced sleep duration has become a common aspect of the westernized lifestyle defined by physical inactivity and overeating.
A few recent studies (see details below) tie reduced sleep to obesity but little is known on the regulations underlying. Longer lasting prospectif and interventional studies are needed to understand the mechanisms responsible. It might be as simple as the fact that you cannot eat while sleeping?
Does sleeping longer makes you thinner?